On today’s date in 1823, my third great grandparents Francesco Antonio Ferraro and Angela Maria Delle Cave were married in San Pietro Apostolo in Talanico, Sei Casali d’Arienzo (present-day San Felice a Cancello), Caserta in the Kingdom of Naples. They were the parents of Angelo Ferraro.
Francesco Antonio was born in 1798 in Talanico to Filippo Ferraro and Giuseppa Fruggieri. Angela Maria Delle Cave was born in 1800 in Talanico to Luca Delle Cave and Olimpia Librera. They were all contadini.
Filippo had not yet become a soldier in the Terzo Cacciatori. Since Italy was not yet a unified nation, the Kingdom of Naples was half of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The Terzo Cacciatori were a branch of the army of the Bourbon King Ferdinand.
Five months after their marriage their first child was born. In order from oldest to youngest, these are the children of their union whose births I have located in San Felice a Cancello, Marcianise, and San Prisco:
Clemente (died in infancy) – born in San Felice a Cancello
Filippo – born in Marcianise
Clemente – born in San Felice a Cancello
Carmine – born in San Felice a Cancello
Maria Giuseppa – born in San Prisco
Luigi – born in San Felice a Cancello
Angelo – born in San Prisco (our ancestor)
In 1824, Francesco Antonio was listed as a soldier in the Terzo Cacciatori on Filippo’s birth record in Marcianise. In 1827, when the second Clemente was born, Filippo was listed as a contadino.
There are six years between the birth of Luigi and Angelo. I do not know where Francesco Antonio and Angela Maria were living between 1836 and 1842 (the birth year of Angelo.)
Diocese of Acerra church records at Family Search
Santa Maria Capua Vetere Tribunale records at Family Search
Talanico, San Felice a Cancello, Caserta, Campania – When Vito Barbarino and Angela Nicolino are appearing in your pedigree twice as your forebears, you know two people in your Ferraro ancestry must’ve been related. It turns out that great great grandfather Immigrant #3 ~ Retired Army Captain and Merchant Angelo Ferraro‘s parents were related because Vito Barbarino and Angela Nicolino from Roccarainola are in his ancestry on both sides of his family. They were his great great grandparents twice through their daughter Giulia Barbarino – the ancestress of Angelo’s mother Angela Maria Delle Cave and Giovanna Barbarino – the ancestress of Angelo’s father Francesco Antonio Ferraro.
Giulia and Giovanna Barbarino were sisters, both daughters of Vito Barbarino and Angela Nicolino.
This all makes the parents of Angelo Ferraro third cousins.
Vito Barbarino and Angela Nicolino began to appear in the Talanico, San Felice a Cancello’s San Pietro Apostolo’s church records around 1690, with the notation that they were from a parish of Roccarainola, which is about 5 miles from the ancestral town of Angelo’s parents, San Felice a Cancello.
What can be gleaned from the online church records from the Diocese of Acerra concerning the Barbarinos is that their son Giacomo Antonio was at one point contributing the largest amount of tomolo of grain in tithes to the parish of San Leonardo in San Felice a Cancello. Tomolo is an old Southern Italian measurement.
You can see the from pedigree of both parents of Angelo that, yep Barbarino and Nicolino are indeed in each one.
Giulia Barbarino married Lorenzo Delle Cave in 1721. Giovanna Barbarino married Leonardo De Lardo in 1716. Descendants of both sisters married approximately 100 years later and had Angelo Ferraro.
So. They were related. At least they weren’t 1st cousins HA!
After a long search I finally found where our Ferraro ancestors were from. Our Ferraros were from frazioni Piedarienzo, Talanico, and San Felice in San Felice a Cancello, Caserta, Campania. Carmine Ferraro’s ancestors lived there for hundreds of years (at least back to 1590) before Francesco Antonio Ferraro left in 1824 with wife Angela Maria Delle Cave. I was also right – Francesco Antonio Ferraro’s father WAS Filippo and Francesco Antonio did name his oldest son after his father. I had to search for the marriage of Francesco Antonio Ferraro and Angela Maria delle Cave for over a year to discover this information. It led me to the place where the Ferraros lived before Francesco Antonio joined the army of the Bourbon king of Naples, Ferdinand IV, and raised his family and my g g grandfather Angelo Ferraro in Santo Prisco, Caserta!
What a painful challenge Family Search’s San Felice a Cancello civil records gave me. Family Search has early 1800s through 1900 available. They were photographed in the 1980s and put on microfilm. They were missing years and lablled incorrectly by village. Researchers can’t avoid ordering the incorrect films because of that. Anyone researching towns in this area of Italy using the Family Search records probably want to pull their hair out! So a friend told me to get the Marcianise records where Francesco Antonio’s son Filippo was born to at least give me a clue about the Ferraro. I did. It gave me the important detail that Antonio Ferraro was not just Antonio. He was FRANCESCO ANTONIO. What a gigantic clue that was. By pure chance, after discovering that, I was able to locate his marriage record in his wife’s birth town of Sei Casali D’Arienzo, which was, again, labeled incorrectly at Family Search. Francesco Antonio Ferraro was also born there according to the record! (Sei Casali d’Arienzo is now known as San Felice a Cancello and Arienzo is a separate comune.)
Unfortunately, the attached marriage documents were supposed to be available on another film, also incorrectly labeled, and to my disgust, once that filmed arrived, that too was labeled incorrectly. Then I discovered that the 1824 marriage documents for San Felice a Cancello WERE NOT FILMED at all! More headaches. The Caserta archives told me they didn’t have them either. So any information that could be gleaned from them about Francesco Antonio’s military service in the Terzo Cacciatori is not available for us there.
As of the date of this post, Caserta records are not on the glorious Italian archival site Antenati San Beniculturali. I have not heard rumors they are close to being up there either. Something about a backseat to Napoli records…I am sure Caserta is next after Piemonte’s records…rolling eyes…
After previously mentioned roadblocks, and maybe because the San Felice a Cancello records were a labeled incorrectly, I discovered that Family Search filmed the Diocese of Acerra church records which included present-day San Felice a Cancello and made all of those church records available for viewing online at Family Search. How lucky!!!!!! .
There are six parishes in historic San Felice a Cancello, a.k.a. Sei Casali D’Arienzo (it’s historic name). If you know your Italian you know “six” was in the historic name. The town was originially 6 separate hamlets, all with their own parish, but not united until the last part of the 18th Century. One of these parish’s records go back to the 1500s in San Felice a Cancello and, the surnames in our tree, including Ferraro, are visible in the 1500s in that parish. The current tag photo at the top of the blog is the ruins of a castello in present-day San Felice a Cancello.
The bulk of our Ferraro lived in Casale Talanico before Francesco Antonio and wife Angela Maria left and their parish was San Pietro Aspostolo. Before that it was Casale San Felice in the parish San Leonardo. Before that it was in Casale Piedarienzo and the parish Sant’Agnese. One of the hamlets of San Felice a Cancello is Cave. The delle Cave in the Ferraro tree either take their name from the hamlet or the hamlet is named after them. Delle Cave appears in the parish records in San Felice a Cancello in the 1500s. I wonder which is older – the surname or the hamlet? In the late 1600s the Barbarino and Nicolino surnames in our tree left nearby Rocca Rainola, Napoli and made their permanent residency in Casale San Felice. The ancestors of Angela Maria delle Cave named Olimpia Librera and Sandra Dragone, may have blood from Rocca Rainola, Napoli where some Dragone in San Felice a Cancello came from. Dragone – I love that name. Sandra Dragone’s mother was Artemia. I love that name too.
These are some of the surnames in the Ferraro Caserta branch: Dragone, Librera, de Lardo, Fruggiero/Fruggieri, Iaderosa, Barbarino, Nicolino, Bonnillo/Bionillo, Ventura, Gammella/Gammelli, Papa, Paciello (peace of heaven), D’Ambrosio, Bernardo/Benardo, Martenisi/D’Addico, Magliulo, Gerardo, Porrino, Piscitella, and now Cioffi. In newer records Iaderosa became just ‘de Rosa.’ In our tree it was always Iaderosa.
DON’T FORGET TO CLICK ON ANY INSERTED PHOTO OR GRAPH FOR LARGER VIEWING.
What do I know about these branches of ancestors? From what can be gleaned from Francesco Antonio’s and Angela Maria’s marriage record, Filippo Ferraro, wife Giuseppa Fruggieri, Luca delle Cave, and wife Olimpia Librera’s occupations were farm workers. I read a blurb in a google book that in 1822 the Terzo Cacciatori were selected from the sons of the nobles in Campania. I don’t know if this applied to Francesco Antonio. The marriage record definitely said his father Filippo was a farm worker.
Because their marriage documents aren’t available for researchers at this time I went to the marriage documents of siblings of Francesco Antonio to get information on the Ferraros and Fruggieri. Filippo’s father was Salvatore and Olimpia’s father was Gennaro. Those names helped me trace back in all of their lines to the late 1500s and early 1600s. Unfortunately I couldn’t find the marriage documents for any of Angela Maria’s siblings and refuse to go through more of the ordeal of ordering the incorrectly labeled film to get them. Family Search is slowly making them available for viewing online at a Family History Center. We can wait.
Anyway, I was able to trace back to 10 x ggparents in Angela Maria delle Cave’s mother’s lines, part of which is pictured above in the descendancy graph. Directly back in the Ferraro name I was able to trace back to a couple who are likely our 11 x ggparents named Santillo Ferraro and Pordenzia Cioffi living in Casale Pierdarienzo in the late 1500s.* They would have been born in the mid-1500s. My 10 ggfather was born in 1590. He appeared to be a twin. Santillo later appeared to remarry to a Cecilia.**
Or another descendancy graph below:
What else do I know about these branches besides baptism, marriage, confirmation, and some death dates? The parish of San Felice’s tithe records f0r 1698-1740 were included in these online church records. Silvestro Ferraro (7 ggfather) and the uncle of Andrea Ferraro’s wife (Giacomo Antonio Barbarino) were big contributors to the church. Sometimes Silvestro Ferraro gave the most to the church in a year and later it was his second son. Another big contributor was a Dragone. I have not been able to establish a relationship between our Dragone and him though.
Not much else is known but names, baptisms, confirmations, marriages, and death dates. The records of Sant’Agnese are numerous and may also contain tithe records. Some Stato D’Anime have also been thrown in with these filmed church records! You have to leaf through every record to find them. Stato D’Anime are census records kept by local parish priests. I will continue to look for a few marriages to see if they name parents and also continue to double-check relationships at the 10th ggparent levels in the tree.
*Cioffi, according to Cognomi Italiani, means ruffian, silly, and thief in some Southern dialects.
**I am confident Santillo Ferraro and Pordenzia Cioffi are ancestors. At 11 ggparents that is the furthest I have researched in any tree. I want more proof they are the right people. A marriage record or death record would help and it takes time to leaf through all the records as the Family Search photographer wrote different numbers on the pages than were originally indexed by the priests who wrote them.
For more reading on San Felice a Cancello check out the Italian Wikipedia entry on the commune and follow San Felice a Cancello, Caserta news online. It seems a world away from the town I am used to researching – Farindola.