Today’s Anniversary ~ Third Great Grandparents Massimo Nicola Marcella and Maria Carolina Colangeli ~


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Farindola – On today’s date in 1840, my third great grandparents Massimo Nicola Marcella and Maria Carolina Colangeli were married in San Nicola di Bari, Farindola.  They were the grandparents of my immigrant great grandfather Cesidio Marcella.

Maria Carolina Colangeli was born in Farindola in 1817 to Berardino Colangelo/i and Anna Giuseppa Antonacci.  They were contadini.  During this time period, her surname fluctuated between Colangeli and Colangelo in the Farindola records.  Her mother Anna Giuseppa Antonacci was born in nearby Montebello di Bertona, Pescara in 1791.

The records of Pescara on Antenati suggest that the Colangelis were from nearby Penne, Pescara, although at the time of Maria Carolina’s birth, a branch of them were living in Farindola, for Maria Carolina’s father was born in Farindola, but his midwife mother was born in Penne.  Also, the other Colangelis in my Abruzzese tree in a separate branch were from Penne and owned property there.

Maria Carolina’s tree was heavy with midwives, and though she was listed as a spinner on several civil records on Antenati, I suspect she too was a midwife.  Her aunt, grandmother, great grandmother, and her own daughter Maria Giuseppa were all midwives.   Maria Giuseppa was there for the delivery of Cesidio.

Massimo Nicola Marcella was born in 1814 in Farindola to Giuseppe Antonio Marcella* and Maria Domenica Sciarra. They too were contadini. Maria Domenica’s parents were born in Fara San Martino, Chieti and the occupations of her father and brothers were written as lanari (wool workers/merchants) in the civil records on Antenati.

Massimo Nicola’s paternal ancestors had been living in Farindola at least as far back as a man named Donato Marcella and a lady possibly named Domenica Cervo both alive in the early 1700s in the Farindola area.  This is the farthest back I have been able to trace his surname using church death records in the marriage processetti on Antenati.  Oh to have the church records in the Diocese of Penne available to research! 

My third great grandparents had 10 children, 4 of which were two sets of female twins.  They were:

Twins Maria Domenica and Maria Giustina (twins), born in 1841.  Maria Giustina lived less than a month.  Maria Domenica lived ten years.  They were born 9 months after their parents married.

Maria Giustina, born in 1843 in Contrada da Valloni – died in 1912 in Contrada Casebruciate, married foundling Panfilo Zenone

Filippo, born in 1844 in Contrada Trosciano – died in 1916 at #137 in Contrada Trosciano, married Maria Antonia Lacchetta and Elisabetta Rossi (my ancestress)

Maria Giuseppa (midwife in Contrada Casebruciate), born in 1846 in Contrada Trosciano – died in 1918 in Contrada Casebruciate, married Giovanni Costantini

Antonio, born in Contrada Trosciano in 1847 and died in 1851

Domenico, born in 1849 in Contrada Trosciano – died in 1908 in Casebruciate, married Maria Carmina Basilavecchia

Nicolantonio, born in 1851 in Contrada Casebruciate, married Maria Giuseppa Della Valle.  They had no children.  However, a man with his name appears to have had a child in 1901 to an un-named woman who was not his wife.  The child was named Vittoria Marcella.

Twins Serafina and Maria Domenica born in 1854 in Contrada Trosciano.  Maria Domenica married Vincenzo Di Silvestri.  Serafina married Antonio Di Francesco, who was the son of Anna Emidia Lucerini and Luigi di Francesco.  My third great grandparents on a different line!

Massimo Nicola Marcella died in 1884 in Contrada Casebruciate.  His widow Maria Carolina Colangeli died a few months shy of the birth of her grandson Cesidio in October 1894, at #65 Contrada Casebruciate, Farindola.

*I do not know how or if Giuseppe Antonio was related to the briganti with the same surname that were active in the countryside near Farindola during the Napoleonic occupation of Italy.  One of the main leaders was named Massimo.  He was jailed before the civil records start on Antenati.  (See Storia di Farindola, dalli origini ai giorni nostri by Antonio Procacci via


Antenati San Beniculturali:

(Record #13, 1840)

(Record #13 Processetti, 1840)

Have a wonderful Thanksgiving!



Italian Heritage Month: Today’s Anniversary ~ Third Great Grandparents Rosa Antonia Pompili and Costantino Massei ~

On today’s date in 1856, my third great grandparents Rosa Antonia Pompili and Costantino Massei were married in San Nicola di Bari, Farindola.

They were the grandparents of my great grandmother, Maria Luigia Massei.

Rosa Antonia Pompili was born in 1825 in Farindola to Giuseppe Antonio Pompili and Anna Domenica Puccella.  They were both contadini and were related to a local politician.  When Rosa was born in 1825, her father’s uncle recorded her birth.  Notably, he was the Sindaco (mayor) of the Comune di Farindola at the time.

mayor Her 1825 Civil birth record

Or in a close up you can see:


My 5th great grand uncle was the Sindaco.

Rosa’s groom, Costantino Massei, was seven years younger than she was.  He was born in 1832 in Farindola to Sabatino Massei and Francesca Paola Innocenza Carusi.  They were both contadini.  Costantino’s mother was the daughter of a local politician and wealthy landowner, for  Francesca’s father was Nicola Carusi, Cancelliere di Comune di Farindola 1809-1817.*

In 1864, Rosa and Costantino welcomed twin sons into the world.  The second twin son recorded in the civil records was named Antonio and he was my second great grandfather.

Costantino passed away in 1901 in Contrada Macchie, Farindola, where Rosa passed away in 1909.

*I have updated information on this branch of the Carusi family from Farindola.  Feel free to email me (


Antenati San Beniculturali


Italian Heritage Month: My Great Grandparents’ Brothers from Farindola ~ Deported Antonio Merlenghi and Immigrants 44 through 46 (Vincenzo Merlenghi, Paolo Massei, and Zopito Di Francesco)

October is Italian Heritage Month in the United States and I am continuing concentrating on the Italians in my tree.

My great grandparents’ had brothers that came to the United States as farm laborers before the Immigration Quota Law of 1924.   After the Immigration Quota Law of 1924 was passed, which limited immigration from non-northern European nations, a brother went to Canada through Nova Scotia, to Winnipeg, Manitoba, before eventually settling near St. Catharines, Ontario in Lincoln.

Vincenzo Merlenghi

Vincenzo Merlenghi was Serafina Merlenghi’s second oldest brother.  He was born in 1890 at Contrada Macchie in Farindola to Cesidio and Maria Michela Cirone.  According to American censuses the year of his marriage to his wife, Maria Giuseppa Pompili, daughter of Antonio and Maria Vincenza Di Gregorio, was 23.

Vincenzo nati
Vincenzo’s atto di nascita from 1890 via Antenati

In 1914 he came to the United States through Ellis Island as a laborer on the S.S. Taormina.  He was coming to live with his cousin Francesco Baccanale in Mason City, Iowa.  I found him in 1920 on the S.S. Duca D’Aosta passenger list returning to the United States as an Italian military reservist, with an occupation of laborer, and having his passage paid for by the Italian government.  Notes above his name said he was a returning United States resident and had been here previously from 1914-1917.  It also stated he was going to Philadelphia and his closest living relative was his wife Maria (Maria Giuseppa) living in Farindola.

Additional information on this manifest was the information that he was going to stay with his friend Giuseppe Sciarra at 22 Street in Philadelphia.  If he was a Sciarra from Farindola, he possibly is our relation.  This is something to research in the future.

A physical description of Vincenzo gave his height of 5′ 5″, said that he was brown haired, brown eyed, possessed a natural colored complexion (tanned), and also stated he was born in Farindola.  My great grandmother was brown-eyed as well.

The entire ship that day was filled with Italian military reservists, and a handful of their wives, all having their passage paid by the Italian government.

In 1921, Vincenzo sent for his wife, Maria Giuseppa Pompili, to come to the United States. She sailed to the Port of Philadelphia, with their baby daughter, Vincenza Elisabetta.  The manifest reflected that her passage was paid by her husband and that she was going to meet him at 240 W. Green Street, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania.

On the 1930 Census, Vincenzo was going by James and was naturalized.  He and his wife had four children.  James was working at a steel mill.  On later American records, they used the surname Morengo.  His son Romeo was a navy veteran of World War II.  They both passed in 1968 and Maria Giuseppa Pompili passed in 1974.  This is the link to Find-a-Grave where you can see their headstone.  It is Merlenghi.

Antonio Merlenghi

Antonio Merlenghi was my great grandmother Serafina’s oldest brother and was born in 1887 at Contrada Macchie, Farindola.  In 1910 he married Antonia Lombardi, daughter of Raffaele and Massimina Ferri.  He came to Ellis Island on the S.S. Taormina in 1914 with his brother Vincenzo with the intention of also going to Mason City, Iowa to meet their cousin Giuseppe Cirone.  His nearest living relative was stated as Antonia, his wife, living in Italy.

The ship was half-full of men from Penne, Farindola, and Montebello with familiar surnames of Colantonio, Falconetti, Colangeli, Antonacci, Marcucci, Buccella, and so on…all coming as farm laborers.

For reasons I cannot discover on the passenger manifest, nor in the batch of documents detailing the dispositions of the detained passengers held at Ellis Island that week in 1914, Antonio was deported back to Italy on the ship he arrived on, and also made to pay for the meals he ate while he was detained at Ellis Island.

Antonio Merlenghi became a Corporal in the 281st Reggimento Fanteria and died on October 27, 1918 from the wounds he received in Grave di Papadopoli at the Battle of Vittorio-Veneto in the Great War.

Medaglia dargento.PNG
Image taken from Caduti Grande

He was awarded the Medaglia D’Argento posthumously.  So imagine had Antonio not been deported, what would have happened?  How sad.

I did not include him in my count of immigrants.  Should I?

Paolo Massei

Paolo birth
Paolo’s 1896 birth from Farindola via Antenati

Paolo Massei was born in 1896 to Antonio and Angela Maria Di Massimo at Contrada Macchie in Farindola.  He was my great grandmother Luigia’s second oldest brother.  Paolo came to the United States for the first time in 1920, sailing to Ellis Island from Bordeaux, France on the S.S. Caroline.  His occupation was listed as laborer, said he was able to write, and that he was going to meet family at the home of Domenico Avellos in White Haven, Pennsylvania.  I have never heard of Domenico and his surname is intriguing.  Was Domenico Avellos his family?

According to a later census, Paolo said he married his wife Maria Nicoletta Iezzi, daughter of Domenico Iezzi and Giuseppa Carusi, in 1924.  If my Farindola research is correct, Paolo and Maria were third cousins.  Giuseppa Carusi was a landowner’s daughter.*  In 1927, Maria came to the United States with their 1 year old son Antonio aboard the S.S. Guilio which had sailed from Naples to Ellis Island.  The passenger manifest does not reflect that Antonio is a citizen of the United States, so Paolo had not yet naturalized.  They were going to meet Paolo at 32 Arbury Street in Trenton, New Jersey.

In 1930, Paolo was working at the city sewer works in Trenton.  He and Maria had a daughter already and a 6 month old son named Anthony.  I traced Anthony and all American records point to a birth date in 1929 in New Jersey.  I can find no record of the child named Antonio that sailed to America with Maria in 1927.  Paolo and Maria’s son Paul later founded his own construction company named MGM Construction.  He also was a building inspector and zoning officer in New Jersey.

Paolo passed away in 1909 while Maria passed away in 1984.  Paolo came to the United States when Lady Liberty’s beacon shined brightly.

Zopito Di Francesco

Zopito Di Francesco was born at #84 Contrada Trosciano, Farindola in 1904 to Biagio and Marianna Di Pendima.  He was a younger brother to my great grandfather Paolo.

Zopito Nati.PNG
Zopito’s 1904 birth (part 1) from Farindola via Antenati

Due to the Immigration Quota Act of 1924, in 1927, Zopito sailed from Bourdeaux, France on the ship La Bourdonnais to Halifax, Nova Scotia.  He was the only traveler from Farindola on the ship and for all research I am able to present at this moment, he was the first of the Di Francesco surname from Farindola to come to North America.

His intended destination, from what I can make out on the manifest was a place called Perth (sp?) Italy Farmers Colony in Winnipeg, Manitoba to a man with the surname Mangietti.  I learned that there was a Little Italy in Winnipeg at that time.  The manifest stated that his nearest living relative was his mother in Farindola, Marianna Di Pendima.

Eventually, Zopito settled near St. Catharines, Ontario and bought his own farmland.  It is my understanding that some of that land is still in the family today.

*Please see this very old blog post regarding the Carusi of Farindola: Paolo Carusi, Writer and Landowner, Brother to a Conte  Also: Nicola Carusi, Cancelliere di Comune di Farindola 1809-1817.  By the way, both of the above posts are old and I have found new information on these two of my ancestors pre-1810.  Email me…



Family Search

New York Passenger Lists

Canada Passenger Lists

Canada Voting Lists

Caduti Grande

U.S. Obituary Collection

United States City Directories

United States Federal Census

United States Navy Enlistment Records

United States Veterans’ Burial Records









Italian Heritage Month: Immigrant 43 ~ Great Grandmother Serafina Merlenghi (Marcella) ~

My great grandmother Serafina Merlenghi was born in 1896 at Contrada Macchie, Farindola in 1896.  In 1948, she arrived at Ellis Island with her youngest child, Alberino, who was a citizen of the United States.  They were going to meet my great grandfather, Cesidio Marcella in Philadelphia.

Serafina had a daughter named Maria in 1916 with my great grandfather.  In 1919, they married and had two more children:  Zia L. and Biagio Filippo.

In 1930, their son Alberino was born.

After decades of living apart while my great grandfather worked in the United States and sent money home, she came to the United States in 1948 with their 18 year old son Alberino.  Because my great grandfather was a United States citizen when Alberino was born, Alberino was automatically a citizen.  Her daughters Maria (m. Iezzi) and Zia L. (m. Generosi) had families of their own in Italy when she left.

Serafina arrived while Lady Liberty’s beacon still shined brightly.

My great grandmother returned to Italy to visit several times before she returned for good after my great grandfather passed in 1980.  She resided in the village of her birth the rest of her life and is buried there.

I loved her name so much, it was my confirmation name.  A cousin shared a story of her in which she described her as knowledgeable in the ways of medicinal plants.  I thank you for the stories.

For more in honor of Italian Heritage Month, please find more on Serafina, her family, and her ancestry in this 2016 blog post that was written for the anniversary of her birth.



Today’s Anniversary ~ 3rd Great Grandparents Nicola Antonia Giansante and Carlo Di Pentima ~

Penne – July 19, 1862 – On today’s date in 1862, my third great grandparents Nicola Antonia Giansante and Carlo Di Pentima were married in Penne, Italy.


Nicola Antonia Giansante was born in 1828 in Rione San Giovanni in Penne, Pescara to Giosaffatte Giansante and Maria Trignani.

Carlo Di Pentima was born in 1814 at Via Piana, Pianella, Pescara to Felice Di Pentima and Palma D’Agostino.

Nicola Antonia and Carlo were both widowed.  My third great grandmother’s first husband was Nicola Delle Monache.  He died in 1855.  They had one child.  Stefano.

My third great grandfather’s first wife was Anna Rosaria Marcella.  They lived at contrada Cupoli, Farindola.  She passed away on May 12, 1862.  She was the daughter of Nicolangelo Marcella and Anna Di Luca.*  They had four children.  Vincenzo, Filomena, Serafina, and Anna.  Only Filomena survived until adulthood.

Giansante – Di Pentima marriage documents via Antenati

A little more than two months after the death of Anna Rosaria, Carlo married my third great grandmother.  They had at least three children:  Anna, Vincenzo, and Marianna (m. Biagio Di Francesco.)  At least two of their grandchildren perished in World War II:  Giovanni Di Pendima died at Monte Santo at the 11th battle of the Isonzo in 1917, and Alfonso Di Francesco died in 1915 at Monte Cappuccio at the 2nd Battle of the Isonzo.  The surname was spelled Di Pendima in Farindola.

I have previously explained some of Carlo’s Pianella and Nicola Antonia’s Penne and Carpineto ancestry in this previous post: Today’s Wedding Anniversary: Biagio Di Francesco and Marianna Di Pendima

*I cannot connect Nicolangelo to the other Marcella ancestors at this time.

Sources: Antenati, Caduti nella Grande Guerra, Wikipedia (for information on WWI battles)






Today’s 165th Wedding Anniversary ~ Angelo Merlenghi and Maria Carmina Cirone ~



Farindola – On today’s date in 1853, my third great grandparents Angelo Merlenghi and Maria Carmina Cirone were married in San Nicola di Bari in Farindola, Italy.  They were both contadini and were the grandparents of my great grandmother Serafina Merlenghi.

Maria Carmina Cirone was born in 1828 in Farindola to Bernardo Cirone and Maria Crocefissa Marzola.  Maria Carmina’s mother and grandmother Maria Donata Di Costanzo were both levatrici = midwives.  Bernardo Cirone’s Cirone ancestors were builders.

Angelo Merlenghi was born in 1820 in Farindola to Antonio Nicodemo Merlenghi and the fatherless Anna Paola Lucerini.  They were contadini.  Angelo Merlenghi’s great grandfather on his mother’s side was Artista Romoaldo Lucerini.  I still do not know what kind of artist Romoaldo was!


Maria Carmina Cirone and Angelo Merlenghi had four children:

Giuseppe Merlenghi m. Carmela Dell’Orso (parents of Soldato Domenico Quirico Merlenghi, disperso alla Zagora, Slovenia 12 Agosto 1915)

Francesca Merlenghi

Cesidio Merlenghi m. Maria Michela Cirone (parents of Serafina Merlenghi)

Maria Merlenghi

Maria Carmina Cirone had no more children and died in 1861 at the age of 33.

Angelo Merlenghi remarried in 1865 to Alba Maria Mergiotti.  She was the daughter of Donato Mergiotti and Maria Di Gregorio.

Angelo had two children with Alba Maria:

Antonio Merlenghi, died at age 17 in Contrada Macchie

Maria Loreta Merlenghi m. Alessandro Lombardi

Angelo passed away in 1876, at the age of 55 in Contrada Macchie.  Below is the 2012 view of Farindola from Macchie.

Contrada Macchie




Albo dei Caduti Della Grande Guerra


Today’s 150th Wedding Anniversary ~ Third Great Grandparents Donato Di Massimo and Anna Maria Domenica Cacciatore


On today’s date 150 years ago in Farindola, my third great grandparents Donato Di Massimo and Anna Maria Domenica Cacciatore were married in Farindola, Abruzzo.  They were both contadini and were the grandparents of Luigia Massei.

Donato was born in 1845 at Colle della Castagne near Farindola to Serafino Vincenzo Di Massimo and Anna Maria Cecelia Colangeli.  Serafino’s mother Maria Chiarella and grandmother Laura Marzola were levatrici or midwives..

Anna Maria Cecelia Colangeli was born in Montebello di Bertona.  However, her father Francesco Colangeli was from Penne.

Anna Maria Domenica Cacciatore was born in Rione di San Giovanni, Penne in 1845 to Sabatino Cacciatore and Antonia Oriani.  They too were contadini.  Sabatino’s grandparents were featured in the previous “anniversary” post Today’s Anniversary: Bartolomeo Massimo Antonio Desiati “Cacciatore” and Angela Emmanuela Sacchetti Muffitti.

Antonia Oriani’s grandfather had his name spelled “Auriano” in the Penne records before 1820.  I found a baptismal record in marriage processetti reflecting the name as “D’Auriano.”  The oldest I found was written for my 7th great grandfather Massimo as “Di Auriano” which just looks wrong.  In Farindola, her surname was recorded as Uriani.

My third great grandparents had three daughters and three sons.

Lucia Di Massimo

Angela Maria Di Massimo m. twin Antonio Massei

Maria Carmina Di Massimo

Quirico Di Massimo

Stefano Di Massimo

Serafino Di Massimo

These Di Massimos are the only part of my Farindolesi family I have ever seen living in and having children at a place called Colle della Castagne near Farindola.  By the 1880s, these Di Massimos were living in Contrada Macchie.

Anna Maria Domenica Cacciatore died at #57 Contrada Macchie in 1907.

Donato Di Massimo died at #19 Contrada Macchie in 1921.


Source: Antenati





Today’s Anniversary ~ Third Great Grandparents Francesco Antonio Ferraro and Angela Maria Delle Cave

On today’s date in 1823, my third great grandparents Francesco Antonio Ferraro and Angela Maria Delle Cave were married in San Pietro Apostolo in Talanico, Sei Casali d’Arienzo (present-day San Felice a Cancello), Caserta in the Kingdom of Naples. They were the parents of Angelo Ferraro.


Francesco Antonio was born in 1798 in Talanico to Filippo Ferraro and Giuseppa Fruggieri. Angela Maria Delle Cave was born in 1800 in Talanico to Luca Delle Cave and Olimpia Librera. They were all contadini.

Filippo had not yet become a soldier in the Terzo Cacciatori. Since Italy was not yet a unified nation, the Kingdom of Naples was half of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The Terzo Cacciatori were a branch of the army of the Bourbon King Ferdinand.

Five months after their marriage their first child was born. In order from oldest to youngest, these are the children of their union whose births I have located in San Felice a Cancello, Marcianise, and San Prisco:

Clemente (died in infancy) – born in San Felice a Cancello

Filippo – born in Marcianise

Clemente – born in San Felice a Cancello

Carmine – born in San Felice a Cancello

Maria Giuseppa – born in San Prisco

Luigi – born in San Felice a Cancello

Angelo – born in San Prisco (our ancestor)

In 1824, Francesco Antonio was listed as a soldier in the Terzo Cacciatori on Filippo’s birth record in Marcianise. In 1827, when the second Clemente was born, Filippo was listed as a contadino.

There are six years between the birth of Luigi and Angelo. I do not know where Francesco Antonio and Angela Maria were living between 1836 and 1842 (the birth year of Angelo.)


Diocese of Acerra church records at Family Search

Santa Maria Capua Vetere Tribunale records at Family Search

Women’s History Month: Rispetto per i molti italiano levatrici nella mia genealogia

Women’s History Month:  Rispetto per I molti italiano levatrici nella mia genealogia.  There are many midwives in the Italian parts of my tree.  They were farmers’ wives, tailors’ wives, shepherds’ wives, innkeepers’ mothers, blacksmiths’ daughters, and landowners’ daughters.  One was even an unwed mother who was the Ricevitrice di Proietti (receiver at the foundling wheel).  She was a landowner’s daughter.

The first one I found was Maria Giuseppa Marcella.  She was there when my great grandfather was born.  She was named in civil birth records because the fathers weren’t able to report the birth.  She would have to go to the municipal hall to do this.  I was also lucky to find many baptismal records where a mammana or ostetrice is mentioned.

My great grandfather’s father was sick, so his sister, Maria Giuseppa went to town hall.  She delivered several of Filippo‘s children and the children of many others in Case Bruciate.

A levatrice not only assisted in birthings but provided medical help to women for all female ailments.  She also provided different kinds of help when there was unwanted pregnancies, as it was her responsibility to leave the baby at the foundling wheel.  If the baby’s health was in danger at birth, she would perform a baptism.  She also was known to assist women in their desire to maintain their youth, etc.

When I found one of these levatrice in Pescara, I could usually trace who in their close relationships was also a levatrice.  In Caserta and Napoli, I have not been able to do that yet.  I am positive I will find more in Campania and Abruzzo.

A couple years ago I was informed by a cousin that my great grandmother was likely familiar with midwifery because she was familiar with traditional folk remedies.

In honor of Women’s History Month this week, the following are the italiano levatrici nella mia genealogia:


Serafina Merlenghi, my great grandmother

Maria Giuseppa Marcella and

her mother Maria Carolina Colangeli (direct ancestress) and

her mother Maria Carmina Crocetta (direct ancestress) and

her mother-in-law Maria Carmina Marcucci Collalto (direct ancestress)

Maria di Costanzo (direct ancestress)

Maria Chiarella (direct ancestress) and

her mother Laura Marzola (direct ancestress)

Tomassina Carusi, Receiver of the Foundlings 


Cecilia di Falco (direct ancestress)


Teresa Trocciola (direct ancestress)

San Felice a Cancello:

Teresa Ferraro 


How many did you find?

Happy Easter!







Women’s History Month and the ABCs of My Genealogy

March is Women’s History Month, making it an excellent time to focus on the ancestresses in my genealogy.  I tried a memory exercise off the top of my head going alphabetically listing names of women in my tree.  I did pretty well, with the exception of Y and X.

I also listed off the top of my head where they lived.  If I could find their profession, station, or husband’s station, I listed that too.  All of these women were born pre-1870 and were born overseas.*  Only two on my list are immigrants.  

Here we go:

A is for Apolline Weyland, 9th great grandmother, Liederscheidt, Moselle, France, a laborer’s wife

B is for Anna Saveria Barbacone, 5th great grandmother, Rione di San Giovanni, Penne, Pescara, Italy, a contadina

C is for Cecilia “Cilla” Vocciero, 7th great grandmother, Talanico, Kingdom of Naples, unknown

D is for Dorotea Frattarola, 7th great grandmother, Farindola, Pescara, Italy, landowner’s mother

E is for Elisabetha Stauder,  8th great grandmother, Schweyen, Moselle, France, laborer’s wife

F is for Karolina Friederika Wilhemina Fehlig, 3rd great grandmother, Grohnde, Hameln-Pyrmont, Niedersachsen, Germany, master tailor’s wife

G is for Anna Dorothea Maria Grabe, 4th great grandmother, Grossmehlra, Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen, Thuringen, Germany, miller owner’s wife

H is for Anne Marie Aloisia Heinzen, 2nd great grandmother, Brig, Canton Valais, Switzerland, immigrant – dress-maker

I is for Ignota (Italian for unknown), mother of Panfilo Zenone, husband of Maria Giustina Marcella, Panfilo’s mother left Panfilo at the foundling wheel in Penne, Pescara, Italy

J is for Elisabetta di Julio, 6th great grandmother, Farindola, Pescara, Italy, unknown

K is for Kunigunde (No Last Name Known), 9th great grandmother, Hornbach, Sudwestpfalz, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany, unknown

L is for Laisa Girardo, 8th great grandmother, Talanico, Kingdom of Naples, unknown

M is for Marie Louise Koppel, 3rd great grandmother, Koerner, Sonderhausen, Thüringen, Germany, immigrant – miller owner’s daughter

N is for Vittoria Di Norscia, 6th great grandmother, Rione di San Giovanni, Penne, Pescara, Italy, a lacemaker

O is for Odile Kolsch, 8th great grandmother, Vinningen, Germany, wife of the Eschevin de Justice

P is for Veneranda Paolucci, 6th great grandmother, Farindola, Pescara, Italy, a contadina

Q is for Anna Elisabetha Dorre-mother of Quirinus Eckebrecht, 4th great grandmother, Grossmehlra, Sonderhausen, Thüringen, Germany, laborer’s wife

R is for Laura Rosa, 5th great grandmother, Contrada Tavo, Farindola, Pescara, Italy, a contadina

S is for Sandra Dragone, 5th great grandmother, Talanico, Kingdom of Naples, unknown

T is for Tommasina Secondina, 10th great grandmother, Kingdom of Naples, unknown

U is for Ursula Magliulo, 7th great grandmother, Talanico, Kingdom of Naples, unknown

V is for Vittoria Gambacorta, 5th great grandmother, Rione di San Giovanni, Penne, Pescara, Italy, a lacemaker

W is for Caroline Christina Wilhemina Julianne Geselle, 5th great grandmother, Sankt Andreasberg, Goslar, Niedersachsen, Germany, wife of silver mineworks supervisor

X is for all of the women in the tree with no surname.  They were in France, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy.

Y is for Magdalena SteYer, 5th great grandmother, Huberhof, Nuenschweiler, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany, a farmer

Z is for Anna Apollonia Ziehl, 7th great grandmother, Monbijou, Leichelbingen, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany, farm manager’s daughter

*I only have one female ancestor in my tree that was born pre-1870 in America – Katharina Schuttler Eckebrecht.  Her parents were immigrants.

Can you find one for every letter in your tree?

For my next entry this month, I plan to focus on a female ancestor we only know by her first name.