Women’s History Month: Rispetto per i molti italiano levatrici nella mia genealogia

Women’s History Month:  Rispetto per I molti italiano levatrici nella mia genealogia.  There are many midwives in the Italian parts of my tree.  They were farmers’ wives, tailors’ wives, shepherds’ wives, innkeepers’ mothers, blacksmiths’ daughters, and landowners’ daughters.  One was even an unwed mother who was the Ricevitrice di Proietti (receiver at the foundling wheel).  She was a landowner’s daughter.

The first one I found was Maria Giuseppa Marcella.  She was there when my great grandfather was born.  She was named in civil birth records because the fathers weren’t able to report the birth.  She would have to go to the municipal hall to do this.  I was also lucky to find many baptismal records where a mammana or ostetrice is mentioned.

My great grandfather’s father was sick, so his sister, Maria Giuseppa went to town hall.  She delivered several of Filippo‘s children and the children of many others in Case Bruciate.

A levatrice not only assisted in birthings but provided medical help to women for all female ailments.  She also provided different kinds of help when there was unwanted pregnancies, as it was her responsibility to leave the baby at the foundling wheel.  If the baby’s health was in danger at birth, she would perform a baptism.  She also was known to assist women in their desire to maintain their youth, etc.

When I found one of these levatrice in Pescara, I could usually trace who in their close relationships was also a levatrice.  In Caserta and Napoli, I have not been able to do that yet.  I am positive I will find more in Campania and Abruzzo.

A couple years ago I was informed by a cousin that my great grandmother was likely familiar with midwifery because she was familiar with traditional folk remedies.

In honor of Women’s History Month this week, the following are the italiano levatrici nella mia genealogia:

Farindola:

Serafina Merlenghi, my great grandmother

Maria Giuseppa Marcella and

her mother Maria Carolina Colangeli (direct ancestress) and

her mother Maria Carmina Crocetta (direct ancestress) and

her mother-in-law Maria Carmina Marcucci Collalto (direct ancestress)

Maria di Costanzo (direct ancestress)

Maria Chiarella (direct ancestress) and

her mother Laura Marzola (direct ancestress)

Tomassina Carusi, Receiver of the Foundlings 

Sirico:

Cecilia di Falco (direct ancestress)

Nola:

Teresa Trocciola (direct ancestress)

San Felice a Cancello:

Teresa Ferraro 

 

How many did you find?

Happy Easter!

cinziarosagenealogy@comcast.net

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Today’s Wedding Anniversary ~~ Filippo Marcella and Elisabetta Rossi ~~

cropped-farindola.jpg

On this day 124 years ago in Farindola, Italy, Elisabetta Rossi married Filippo Marcella.  They were the parents of my great grandfather Cesidio.

marriagetitleElisabetta Rossi was born in 1866 in Valleceraso, Bacucco, Teramo, a neighboring town, to Giuseppe Antonio Rossi and Anna Antonia Ricci.

arsita
The valley outside Bacucco (Arsita), Teramo

Her parents had moved to Farindola before the marriage of their oldest child, Elisabetta.  Elisabetta’s father was originally from Penne, Pescara, having been born there.  I was able to trace back to 6th great grandparents in the Rossi line born around 1740 in Penne.  Giuseppe’s father Domenico was literate and I have a few of his signatures saved.  The one below is from his son’s marriage to Elisabetta’s mother, Anna Antonia Ricci, in Bacucco in 1865.

DomenicoRossiSignature

Anna Antonia Ricci was born in Castiglione Messer Raimondo, Teramo.  However her parents were also born and married in Penne, Pescara.  I was able to trace the Ricci back to the mid 1700s in Penne too, to another set of 6th great grandparents.  The Ricci married a member of the Delle Monache family through which I was able to trace to a set of 7th great grandparents born around 1700.  They were Anastasio Delle Monache and a lady named Lorenza.

My great great grandmother Elisabetta Rossi was the oldest child and had at least 7 siblings: Antonio, Palma, Domenico, Maria Carmina, Giovanni, Anna Domenica, and Girolamo.

Antenati link to Elisabetta’s and Filippo’s marriage

Antenati link to their marriage allegati

Elisabetta married Filippo Marcella, a man who was a widower, and also 23 years older than she was.  Coincidentally, I noticed on the birth records of Filippo’s children to Elisabetta that his age somehow decrease with each record!

Filippo was born in 1844 in Trosciano, Farindola, Pescara to Massimo Nicola Marcella and Maria Carolina Colangeli.  Through miracles of modern Google Earth, this is a clipped image of Contrada Trosciano in Farindola.

trosciano

Filippo’s first wife was Maria Antonia Lacchetta, the daughter of Filippo Lacchetta and Maria Salzetta.  Maria Antonia had passed away in April of 1893 and Filippo Marcella was left with small children to raise. We don’t know the circumstances of her death but she had given birth to at least 11 children in 20 years.  Some of the children didn’t survive a few days or past infancy.

Filippo’s children with Maria Antonia were: Carmela (died in infancy), Cesidio (died in infancy), Maria Grazia, Donato (died in infancy), Bambino (stillborn), Andrea, Carmine, Raffaele, Pasqua, Filomena, Serafina.

Elisabetta’s first born was my great grandfather Cesidio.  Her other children were Maria Domenica, Antonia Vincenza, and Antonio Andrea.

Filippo Marcella was the fourth of ten children.  He had two sets of twin sisters.  The first set passed away in their childhoods.  He also had a brother that passed away in his childhood.  The siblings that survived to adulthood are as follows: Maria Giustina, Maria Giuseppa (midwife)*, Domenico**, Nicola (Antonio), and the second set of twins Serafina and Maria Domenica.

Filippo’s ancestry, so far, has been traced back to the early 1700s.  His father’s ancestors were born in Farindola to at least that point in history.  His mother’s ancestors encompass at least three midwives, not including his sister, and a line traced to Montebello di Bertona.  Filippo passed away at #137 Trosciano, Farindola in 1916.

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Pecorino di Farindola

*Maria Giuseppa married Panfilo Zenone.  This is one way we are related to the Zenone cousins.

**Domenico is the sibling of Filippo through which we are related to the Romagna cousins and again to the Zenone cousins.

Sources: 

Antenati San Beniculturali – Archivio di Stato di Pescara (Farindola, Penne, Montebello di Bertona)

Archivio di Stato di Teramo records on Family Search (Bacucco (Arsita) and Castiglione Messer Raimondo)

Castiglione Messer Raimondo microfilms