Immigrant #25 Great Great Grandmother Filomena Napolitano Ferraro

Filomena Napolitano was born in 1845 in Nola, Campania and immigrated to the United States, through Ellis Island in 1904 with her daughters and second son, my great grandfather Carmine Ferraro.  The title of this posting uses her husband’s last name after Napolitano because it was used on her death record in Columbus.  Had she stayed in Italy, she would have always been known as Filomena “Napolitano” because Italian women never change their surnames. In fact, Filomena arrived at Ellis Island as Napolitano as you can see on the Lombardia’s passenger manifest from April 28,1904.  manifestamferraro

I have written in the past on Filomena, Nola, and anything I could find on her father’s side: Carmine Ferraro’s Mother Filomena Napolitano from Nola, Napoli, Campania.

A post about the two headstones associated with her in the Mount Calvary Cemetery is here.  In case you are wondering, the cemetery still has no explanation on why she has two and why they are in separate places in the cemetery. This is her Find-a-Grave Memorial.

The following posts have already been written on her immigrant children:

Immigrant #5 ~ The Disappearing Antonio Ferraro

The Gift of a Genealogy Goldmine (An update on Antonio)

Immigrant #2: Angela Maria Ferraro Valerioti – Mother of a Renowned NYC Investigator and a NYC Refuse Company President

Immigrant #9 ~ Carmine A. Ferraro, Priest and Maestro

Immigrant #23 ~ Great Grand Aunt Elena Ferraro Scarnecchia

Two more immigrant children, Giovanina, and Gelsomina Ferraro Ciocco will be featured in upcoming weeks.

The post detailing her immigrant husband Angelo can be found here.

An earlier posting about her parents’ wedding is here:  On this day in 1842…

For approximately the past six months I have been researching Filomena’s mother’s interesting family, the Sabatinos from Sirico (now Saviano), Napoli, Campania, Italy.  They have been extremely easy to research, especially because Sirico was such a small town and appeared to have some money.  I literally have binders and files and piles of records from the microfilmed Sirico records from the Naples State Archives.  Filomena’s mother was Maria Michela Sabatino, born in 1809 in Sirico on Strada Napolitano, and at the time of her birth, her father Giaocchino was a sartore or tailor and was literate.  No, there is likely no connection between the Strada Napolitano and Maria Michela’s future husband – a Napolitano.  The surname is incredibly common in Campania.  Maria Michela’s mother was Santa di Conza and she was from Salerno.  I am patiently waiting for Salerno records to be put on Antenati.  Maria Michela appears to be the oldest of their eight children.

In the 1810s Giaocchino moved to being a vendittore di Piazza (seller on the Piazza), a tavernaro (tavernkeeper), and a bottegaro (shopkeeper).*  By 1822, Maria Michela’s father Giaocchino was a possidente or wealthy property owner.  He always seemed to be hanging around weddings in the town too signing as a witness where I found out about his wealthiest profession – possidente.  The signature of the man Giaocchino Sabatino was the same signature on his 1810s children’s birth.  I have an entire file of records that contain his signature.  One more thing I noticed in Sirico, all the literate Sabatinos of Sirico, too, spelled their surname with ONLY ONE ‘b’ when they signed their names.  ANNNNDDDDD, at one point in Sirico’s history, there was a Strada Sabatino according to the records.

possidente

Giaocchino Sabatino’s parents were Bartolomeo, a maestro sartore or master tailor, and Cecilia di Falco, an ostetrice or midwife.  That makes Filomena’s great grandmother from Sirico a midwife.  Giaocchino’s younger brother Lorenzo Sabatino was also a possidente and was Il Sindaco or mayor of Sirico from 1860-1861. 

From what I could find, Giaocchino only had brothers and from what I can surmise from viewing the town records, they were literate and educated like Giaocchino.  Their names and professions are as follows:

Federigo-calzolaio-shoemaker, vendittore di vino, industriante-trader m. Maria Felicia Ambruscino

Allesandro-sartore m. Domenica Vardolo

Giuseppe-sartore m. Marta D’Avella

Lorenzo-sartore, industriante, possidente, Il Sindaco m. Maria Giuseppa Tuzzolli

Giaocchino Sabatino died in 1847 in Ospedale degli Incurabili in Naples.  This is the Wikipedia link to this historical hospital with photos.  I found a reference to his death in that hospital on his son’s wedding record which I then located on Antenati.  Follow this link to his death record from the San Lorenzo quartiere of Napoli on Antenati.

As for Cecilia di Falco, she was born around 1763 in Sirico and I found many records about her and the babies she delivered.  She is the first midwife on my mother’s side.  Therefore, there will be more on the Midwife of Sirico as a later date…

Sources:

Ellis Island

Nola:  These microfilms

Sirico: All of these films

Antenati

I used this Roots Web link to help with older Italian occupations I found on microfilm.

*Some of the occupations found on the microfilms in Sirico were in the Neapolitan dialect. 

cinziarosagenealogy@comcast.net

 

 

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On this day in 1842…

 

On this day in 1842…Carmine Napolitano and Maria Michela Sabatino were married in the Cattedrale di Nola, Campania.  Who are they?  They are the parents of my 2nd great grandmother Filomena Napolitano, who came to America in 1904 at age 59.  Filomena Napolitano is the mother of Carmen Ferraro.

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Portion of the first page of their marriage record from Nola, Napoli, Campania

In 1842, Carmine Napolitano was a blacksmith, age 37, and the widower of Giuseppa Manna, the mother of his first born – Carmela.  Giuseppa Manna died in 1841 and Carmine was left without a mother for his young daughter so a marriage was arranged.  Carmine’s parents were Antonio Napolitano, a master tailer, and Rosa Marotta, both from Nola.  Carmine’s mother was already deceased at the time of his marriage to Maria Michela Sabbatino.  He lived on Strada Sant’Anna in Nola.

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Nola’s Festa di Gigli

 

Maria Michela Sabatino was 33 in 1842.  She was born in nearby Sirico, which is now part of the town of Saviano.  She lived on Strada Sant’Antonio in Nola at the time of the marriage.  Maria Michela’s family was affluent in Sirico.  Her father, Gioacchino Sabatino, was literate, and a man of wealth.  On the record above, his profession is listed as bettoliere = tavern owner.  In the Sirico records he went from being a tailor, like his father, to vendor on the piazza, tavern keeper, tavern owner, wealthy landowner = possidente, and at the time of his death in a hospital in Naples, back to tailor again.  Gioacchino’s brother Lorenzo was the Mayor of Sirico from 1860-1861.  Maria Michela Sabatino’s mother was named Santa di Conza and she was not from Sirico.  She was born in San Valentino di Sarno, Salerno.

More on the easy to research Sabatinos at a later date…

The marriage of Maria Michela Sabatino and Carmine Napolitano produced at least 3 children.  Son Antonio Napolitano was born in February 1843, next Filomena was born in 1845, and Giuseppa in 1847.  A copy of the only photo we have of Filomena Napolitano is at the top.

Pace!

~~~cinziarosagenealogy@comcast.net

Two Headstones in the Same Cemetery? What?

The other day I was contacted by the Find-A-Grave volunteer who photographed Great Great grandmother Filomena Napolitano’s headstone a couple of months ago.  She related that she had found another headstone for a lady with the same name, same dates, in the same cemetery 7 rows away in the single plot area.  This newer headstone is nicer than the flat stone.  She put it on Find-A-Grave and it can be seen here with the rest of her memorial and the other headstone.

Headstone2
Headstone #2, 7 rows away from the flat headstone

 

Mt. Calvary Cemetery will need to be contacted.  It is the oldest Catholic cemetery in Columbus, known for its section for priests, and they should have kept great records.

-A

 

Uncle John and the Places His Ancestors Were Buried

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Uncle John kept graphs and maps of where his ancestors and cousins were buried.  On the world-wide website Find-A-Grave his Leies, Schuttler, Gerbing, and Eckebrecht ancestors’ graves are now accessible online.  I have been requesting to manage as many Find-A-Grave burials to update, correct, and continue what Uncle John had started.  I await transfer of management for Cesidio Marcella.  Meanwhile, I have updated Katharina Schuttler Eckebrecht’s memorial, which is in the previous post.  I have corrected the misspelling in Helen Kirsch Ferraro’s memorial but have not updated the page.  I have updated Filomena Napolitano’s memorial that can be accessed by your click here. It will take time to update and correct the lot of them.

UncleJohnYoung

Finally, I hope to receive transfer of management for the memorial of Fr. John G. Leies’s (Uncle John) memorial that you can view by clicking here.  I wonder if he knew his gravesite would be on the internet after he passed away.

-A

 

Carmine Ferraro’s Mother Filomena Napolitano from Nola, Napoli, Campania

Carmine Ferraro’s Mother Filomena Napolitano from Nola, Napoli, Campania

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Filomena Napolitano was born in 1845 in Contrada Dell’Arco, Nola, Napoli, Campania to Carmine Napolitano and Maria Michele Sabatino from Sirico, Napoli. Nola is a town situated just outside of Metropolitan Naples between Mt. Vesuvius and the Apennines that is steeped in history and traditions. Her father was a blacksmith, while her mother and grandmothers were all spinners. Spinners spin wool and linen for clothing and weaving, and cotton for lace.

Blacksmithfilatrice

Filomena met and married Angelo Ferraro. They lived in the Montecalvario neighborhood of Naples and had six children together. It is not known at what age Filomena left Nola. Maybe her father moved them to the city of Naples. Maybe she met Angelo Ferraro and his merchant business took them there after he left the army. Filomena and Angelo followed the Italian traditional name pattern of naming their first born son after the father’s father and the second born son after the mother’s father, etc. For females they follow the same pattern. So Filomena and Angelo’s second son was named Carmine. He changed it to Carmen when he became a United States citizen.

Filomena’s father’s name is the source of the name Carmen in the Ferraro descendants today.

Carminus

“Carminus” = Carmine in Latin from the baptismal extract of Carmine Napolitano, born 1805

Filomena came to the United States on April 28, 1904, in a voyage that took approximately two weeks, crossing with 3 of her daughters to meet Angelo who was still living with their oldest son Antonio on Navy Street in Brooklyn. She sailed in 3rd class on the U.S.S. Lombardia. Carmine Ferraro was on the same ship riding in first class with the males. Angelo sailed on the exact same ship to America in November, 1903. When Filomena and her daughters arrived at the Island, they were detained. It seems Angelo was to pick them up and had been late so they weren’t held very long. Poor elderly great great grandmother and her frightened daughters.

filo

This is the only picture of 2 x great grandmother Filomena that we have.

Filomena and family lived in Brooklyn for couple of years on Havemeyer Street seeing a daughter married to another Italian immigrant. Angelo, Filomena and two of their daughters relocated to Columbus, Ohio to a place that contained the largest Italian community east of New York City at that time. Presumably this is where they could also be close to their second oldest son Carmine. Filomena did return home to Naples in 1912 for a few months of vacation. Grandpa would have known her since he was born in 1909. In 1914 she suffered a stroke and passed away. She is buried in Mount Calvary Cemetery, Columbus.

Carmine said he was one of six children. The children of Filomena and Angelo in order:

Antonio Ferraro* – m. Elisa Peluso in NYC.

Carmine Ferraro – m. Helen Kirsch in Chicago

Angela Maria – m. Jerry Valerioti in NYC – 3 children, 1 was a NYC police detective

Gelsomina – m. Michael Ciocco in Ohio – at least 1 child who became a biologist

Elena – m. Angelo Scarnecchia in Ohio – 5 children

Giovanna – ?

Giovanna was not on the same ship as her mother and she was just a child on the 1905 census for Havemeyer Street, Brooklyn. She did not move to Ohio and still has not been found. She was deceased by 1932 according to Carmine. The four sons of Elena Ferraro Scarnecchia changed their names to Sargent for their music business. Angela Maria (Mary) Ferraro Valerioti died in the Spanish Flu epidemic of 1918.  Her descendants live in New York City today.

Cousin A.F. looked for Antonio for a long time. Because of the number of Antonio Ferraros arriving at Ellis Island, I think she had it narrowed down that he arrived in America around 1899.   In 1906 he married another Campanian immigrant named Elisa Peluso in NYC. They had no children. In 1920 she obtained an Enoch Arden divorce on the grounds of absence. In 1926 the Supreme Court of New York dissolved their marriage. Carmine said that his brother was living in Naples around 1932. There is an unproven tale that Antonio went to live in a monastery in Naples and died there. Since the other tales regarding Angelo Ferraro and his children from this source have been mostly incorrect, I highly doubt this tale. While Carmine and Filomena had close connections to a Franciscan monastery in Montecalvario, there is nothing to prove that Antonio wanted to hide in a monastery and die. I wouldn’t be surprised if he had another family…here or in Italy. A man named Antonio Ferraro in NYC or Naples can easily pull a Houdini.

Filomena’s Nola ancestry and the Festa dei Gigli

One of Filomena’s grandfathers (Antonio Napolitano) was a master tailor, while the other was an innkeeper (Giacchino Sabatino). Her father was a blacksmith (Carmine Napolitano) and together they made up three of the traditional eight guilds of Nola that played parts in an important 1600 year old religious tradition.

napolitano

Filomena’s birthplace Nola is known world-wide for that 1600 year old, month long festival dedicated to St. Paolino called Festa Dei Gigli (Festival of the Lilies). This religious tradition is practiced on a smaller scale by Nolani descendants today in enclaves in New York. One of the American traditions started in 1903 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn where Filomena and Angelo resided when they came to America. In fact today, a Brooklyn festival parades down Havemeyer Street, the exact street they lived on from 1905-1906 in a Neapolitan enclave.

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Present day Festa dei Gigli di Nola

The Origins of the Festa dei Gigli di Nola

St. Paolino was a bishop of Nola. St. Paolino was real but the legend goes that in the 4th Century when the Vandals from North Africa attacked Nola they took all of the men as slaves and took a child. Bishop Paolino convinced the Vandals to take him instead of the child and saved the child’s life for which the Nolani were grateful. Bishop Paolino was a slave for over a year and had the power to see into the future. This pleased the Vandals and as a reward they freed him and all of the men of Nola also in their captivity. When they returned home on a boat, the people of the town were so happy they greeted San Paolino with lots of lilies. Every year near his feast day of June 22, this happy time is re-enacted in Nola with great festivities for most of the month.

The eight traditional guilds of the town, plus the boat, build a 90 foot high lily made out of wood and decorate it with paper mache type material. Approximately 120 men per guild carry their guild’s lily on their backs from their specified part of parade route that hasn’t changed in over 1000 years to the town square to wait for the final float – the boat, also made out of wood. The giant lilies each carry a band on front. For the traditional times on the route the lilies must be made to dance by the 120 dancing men holding the lilies. The guild order hasn’t changed in over 1000 years either. First to last the Nola guilds are: Greengrocer – Ortolano. Pork butcher – Salumiere. Innkeeper – Bettoliere. Baker – Panettiere. Boat – Barca. Butcher – Beccaio. Shoemaker – Calzolaio. Blacksmith – Fabbro. Tailor – Sarto. One of Filomena’s grandfathers (Giacchino Sabatino) would have been one of the 120 men carrying the second lily for innkeeper. Her father (Carmine) would have been second to last with the smiths and her father’s father (Antonio Napolitano) would have carried the last lily of the tailors. Maybe he was even in its band…

2015 Tailor’s Giglio Entering the Piazza at the 1:30 mark. YouTube video is courtesy of GigliTV.

The lily parade starts at 9 a.m. Usually by noon all of the lilies and the boat are in the town square so they can all dance in unison with the boat. A priest blesses them and St. Paolino’s relics are paraded. After everyone eats and has a nap, more lily dancing and celebrations continue. Each of the guilds is assigned a night to host celebrations around Nola for this festival. St. Paolino isn’t even the patron saint of the town. Nola isn’t on water either. The festival has been nominated to be UNESCO World Heritage Site. Some neighboring towns conduct their own small Festa dei Gigli.

Old Clips of Previous Festa dei Gigli di Nola courtesy of La Voce Del Nolano on YouTube

Some of the lily bearers develop huge lumps like these hunchback looking things on their necks and shoulders. There is definitely no shortage of Festa dei Gigli di Nola parade clips on youtube that were enjoyed by this Mummer’s Parade fan. Filomena had at least one uncle named Paolino. He was her father’s brother. It is a wonder too she wasn’t named Paolina for she was born approximately 40 weeks after the 1844 Festa dei Gigli…

Dear Cousins, Filomena Napolitano’s ancestry is almost done…

-A