On this day 112 years ago…

SS Lombardia
National Archives photo of the S.S. Lombardia

 

On this day, 112 years ago, Carmine Costantino Girolamo Angelo Ferraro arrived at the Port of New York on the S.S. Lombardia and first put his feet on United States soil. He traveled as a second class passenger. He traveled here as a Priest.

CarmineManifest.PNG
Name, Age, Sex, Marital Status, Occupation, Literacy

 

It was recorded on the ship manifest that he was 25, literate, Southern Italian*, and that his last residence as Naples. He brought $100.00, paid his own passage, and was recorded as never having been in the United States before.

CarmineManifest2
Paid by, amount of cash in pocket, whether in the US before, name and address of individual the passenger is meeting

 

The ship manifest also noted that the friend or relative he was going to meet was his father Angelo Ferraro at 156 Navy Street, Brooklyn. Angelo had already been in America for 6 months. For some reason “Father” next to Angelo’s name was crossed out upon arrival at Ellis Island and corrected to read “Friend.” Three of Carmine’s sisters and mother arrived on the same ship and were steerage passengers. Great Grandfather was not detained like them.

passport.PNG
Inside Passport

 

The treasured heirloom of Carmine’s passport stated he was a Franciscan. Not pictured is the second page which states his eyes were chestnut, hair black, and height which is the Italian word for tall.

Carmine
A 1906 photograph

 

FilomenaManifest1.PNG
Filomena Napolitano, Angela Maria Ferraro, Gelsomina Ferraro, Elena Ferraro

Filomena Napolitano had $40 with her. The “X” next to her name and her daughters’ names meant the immigration officer decided to detain them. The manifest reflected that she was not literate. However, her daughters Angela Maria, 23, Gelsomina, 19, and Elena, 17, were literate. They too had never been in the United States.

FilomenaManifest2
197 Navy Street address is at the edge

 

The manifest shows that Filomena was going to meet her husband Angelo and son Antonio at 197 Navy Street, Brooklyn. There is no explanation in the difference in house numbers from the second class passenger list and the steerage passenger list. Carmine’s youngest sister, Giovannina, is not on this passenger list.  Filomena and her daughters were released when Angelo came to retrieve them. Unfortunately, we will never know why they were detained. Don’t forget Angelo was detained when he arrived too.

Great grandfather and his mother and sisters were 4 of the 193,296 immigrants from Italy to enter the United States in 1904.

*The United States Immigration Service used the “Southern Italian” label – not even plain “Italian” – for what they considered to be a different race of people.

-A

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